Suffering from a ransomware infection means that cybercriminals have encrypted your data or locked your operating system. These criminals usually demand a ransom in exchange for decrypting the data. Ransomware can enter a device in many ways. The most common routes are infections on malicious websites, downloads that include unwanted plugins, and spam. Ransomware attacks can target both individuals and businesses.
Several measures can be taken to protect against ransomware attacks; two of the most important are, without a doubt, being alert and using the correct software. Suffering from a ransomware attack means losing data, spending a large sum of money, or both.
How to detect ransomware
How do you know if your computer is infected? Here are some ways to detect a ransomware attack:
- The antivirus scanner reports an alarm: If the device has an antivirus application, it can detect ransomware infection early unless it has been disabled.
- Check file extensions: For example, the normal extension of an image file is “.jpg.” If this extension has changed to an unknown letter combination, there may be a ransomware infection.
- Changing names: Do the files have different names than what you gave? Malware often changes file names when encrypting data. If you notice a change like this, there may be a problem.
- Increased CPU and disk activity: If you notice that the disk or main processor is working harder than usual, the ransomware may be running in the background.
- Suspicious network traffic: The interaction between a program and the cybercriminal or attacker’s server can generate suspicious network traffic.
- Encrypted files: A late sign that ransomware has taken action is when files can no longer be opened.
Finally, if you see a window demanding a ransom payment, you can safely say that your computer is infected with ransomware. The sooner the threat is detected, the easier it will be to combat malware. Early detection of an encryption ransomware removal service provider can help you determine what type of ransomware has infected the end device. Many ransomware Trojans delete themselves once encryption has been run so that they cannot be examined or decrypted.
My device is infected with ransomware. What I can do?
Ransomware is usually divided into two types: blocking ransomware and encryption ransomware. A lock ransomware virus locks the entire screen, while the second type of virus “only” encrypts individual files. Regardless of the type of encryption trojan, victims typically have three options:
- Pay the ransom and hope that the cybercriminals keep their word and decrypt the data.
- Try to remove the malware with the available tools.
- Restore the computer’s factory settings.
Types of ransomware: what different ways can you proceed?
There are many types of ransomware, some of which can be uninstalled with just a couple of clicks. However, there are also widespread variants of the virus that are considerably more complex and require more time to eliminate.
You have different options to remove the virus and decrypt infected files, depending on the type of ransomware. There is no universally applicable decryption tool that works with all ransomware variants.
The following questions are important when correctly removing ransomware:
- What type of virus has infected the device?
- Is there a suitable decryption program? If so, which one?
- How did the virus get into the system?
Ryuk may have entered the system through Emotet, for example, which means a difference in the way you approach the problem. If it is a Petya infection, safe mode is a good way to remove it. Here you can find more information about the different ransomware variants.
Even if all security precautions are taken, the possibility of a ransomware attack can never be completely ruled out. If the worst happens and you suffer such an attack, having excellent security software like Kaspersky, advance preparation, and acting with caution can help you mitigate the consequences.
Knowing the signs of a ransomware attack will allow you to detect and attack an infection as early as possible. You can also hire for this the specialist team of ransomware removal service provider.
However, if you have already been held ransom, you have several options available to you and you can choose the most appropriate one based on your circumstances. Remember that backing up your data regularly will greatly reduce the impact of an attack.