There are hundreds of cryptocurrencies on the market, including the most popular ones like Bitcoin and Ethereum. Each cryptocurrency has its respective price and market value, and many wonder how these metrics are determined. This article will explain what factors determine the value of a token.
Liquidity is the primary factor affecting a token’s price and total value. It refers to the availability of a token to be traded on centralized or decentralized exchanges. Any cryptocurrency with low liquidity will have a low price because of the little trading volume.
For example, Bitcoin and Ethereum are the two most valuable cryptocurrencies. They are listed on virtually every popular cryptocurrency exchange. Dozens of digital wallets allow users to store these two tokens securely. These factors contribute to them having high liquidity. If you want to sell BTC or ETH, you can do that within minutes on an exchange.
All exchanges don’t have the exact prices for tokens; it usually varies by a few figures or decimals. For example, 1 BTC can trade for $30,260 on platform A and $30,265 on platform B. Always check the order book on your platform, which refers to the collection of live trading figures for a specific asset. It gives you a clear picture of your exchange’s liquidity, which affects asset prices.
2. Media Exposure and Reputation
The next critical factor affecting a token’s value is its popularity and reputation in the crypto sector. If a coin gets significant media attention, its value will likely surge as more traders become aware and buy it. Positive attention from crypto enthusiasts is bound to increase the value of any token.
The opposite can also occur. If a token gets negative attention from crypto news circles, its value will likely fall. For instance, many tokens that looked legitimate were exposed by journalists for being fraudulent. In some cases, the creators had falsified their identities. In other cases, the supply and pricing mechanism proved invalid under a stress test. The negative attention led to a massive fall in value, so always pay attention to the latest news and events about any token you hold.
Arbitrage is simultaneously buying and selling an asset to profit from price differences. For example, if you observe the price of ETH on one exchange is $1,866 and on another is $1,880. Traders can buy tokens on the first platform and sell on the second to profit from the $14 price difference.
Arbitrage activity affects the price of each cryptocurrency. If many traders are arbitraging a token, you’ll see significant price variations on different platforms. If the arbitrage activity for an asset is low, the price variation will be small.
Law Of Supply and Demand
The theory of supply and demand is the foundation of all economic activities, including cryptocurrency. It states that if the supply of an asset surpasses demand, the price will fall. If demand exceeds supply, the price rises. The equilibrium price is where the supply exactly matches an asset’s demand.
Always pay attention to the circulating and maximum supply of any token you’re trading. Different tokens have different mechanisms for increasing or decreasing supply. Some have already reached their maximum supply.
The lower the circulating supply of an asset, the higher it can rise as demand increases. The higher the supply, the less it can rise amid a demand boost. You can always check the circulating and maximum supply for every coin on crypto content sites, e.g., Crypto.News. Your exchange can also give you this information.